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Staying Safe: Understanding Sexual Harassment and Abuse

Sexual harassment and abuse are serious issues that can have long-lasting physical and emotional effects on individuals. It's important for children to learn how to recognize and prevent these behaviors to stay safe and healthy. In this article, we'll discuss what sexual harassment and abuse are, how to recognize them, and what to do if someone experiences or witnesses them.

What is Sexual Harassment?

Sexual harassment is any unwanted sexual attention or behavior that makes someone feel uncomfortable or unsafe. It can take many forms, including comments about someone's appearance, unwanted touching, or sexually explicit messages or images. Sexual harassment can happen anywhere, including at school, online, or in the workplace.

Recognizing Sexual Harassment

It's important for children to know how to recognize sexual harassment so they can protect themselves and others. Some common signs of sexual harassment include:

  • Unwanted touching or physical contact

  • Comments or jokes about someone's appearance or sexual behavior

  • Displaying sexually explicit images or messages

  • Unwanted sexual advances or propositions

Preventing Sexual Harassment

Preventing sexual harassment starts with teaching children about respect and boundaries. It's important for children to understand that no one has the right to touch them or make them feel uncomfortable. They should also know that it's okay to say "no" to unwanted advances or behavior.

It's also important to teach children about the importance of bystander intervention. If someone witnesses sexual harassment, they can speak up and let the person know that their behavior is not okay. By intervening, they can help prevent the behavior from continuing and provide support to the victim.

What is Sexual Abuse?

Sexual abuse is any sexual activity between two people where one person is forced or coerced into the activity. It can include non-consensual touching, sexual assault, or rape. Sexual abuse can happen to anyone, regardless of age, gender, or sexual orientation.

Recognizing Sexual Abuse

It can be difficult to recognize sexual abuse, as victims may feel ashamed or afraid to speak up. However, some signs of sexual abuse can include:

  • Changes in behavior or mood, such as depression or anxiety

  • Avoidance of certain people or situations

  • Physical symptoms, such as unexplained bruises or injuries

  • Difficulty sleeping or nightmares

What to Do if Someone Experiences or Witnesses Sexual Harassment or Abuse

If someone experiences or witnesses sexual harassment or abuse, it's important to speak up and seek help. They can talk to a trusted adult, such as a teacher or parent, or contact a support organization or helpline for assistance.

It's also important to remember that no one is ever to blame for experiencing sexual harassment or abuse. The responsibility lies solely with the perpetrator.


Understanding sexual harassment and abuse is an important part of staying safe and healthy. By teaching children about respect and boundaries, as well as recognizing and preventing these behaviors, we can help promote positive health outcomes for all. Remember, if someone experiences or witnesses sexual harassment or abuse, it's important to speak up and seek help. Together, we can create a safer and more supportive world for everyone.

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17 apr. 2023
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Very important information for kids

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